Mujeres periodistas y activismo en redes sociales: un análisis de los hashtags #DeixaElaTrabalhar y #LasPeriodistasParamos en Instagram
PDF
EPUB
MOBI

Palabras clave

género
periodistas
activismo digital
hashtag
feminismo
Instagram
construcción de la identidad
análisis de contenido

Cómo citar

López-Ortega, M., & Noronha, I. (2021). Mujeres periodistas y activismo en redes sociales: un análisis de los hashtags #DeixaElaTrabalhar y #LasPeriodistasParamos en Instagram. Revista De La Asociación Española De Investigación De La Comunicación, 8(16), 168-194. https://doi.org/10.24137/raeic.8.16.9

Resumen

Las acciones colectivas en las redes sociales a través de los hashtags #DeixaElaTrabalhar y #LasPeriodistasParamos plantearon los problemas que sufrían las mujeres periodistas tanto en Brasil como en España. Aunque la representación del feminismo ha sido estudiada durante mucho tiempo, se ha prestado menos atención a los estudios comparativos y a la representación más personal. Centrándonos en una combinación de análisis de contenido cualitativo visual y textual, exploramos 90 posts de Instagram de mujeres periodistas dentro de los dos hashtags y cómo se retratan a sí mismas en relación con su profesión. En el momento de escribir este artículo, Instagram es una de las redes sociales más populares centradas en la publicación de contenidos audiovisuales. Esto la hace idónea para el estudio de la autorrepresentación online. El artículo identifica mediante el Análisis de la Imagen Documental y el Análisis Crítico del Discurso las demandas y denuncias recurrentes sobre temas relacionados con el género periodístico y encuentra vernáculos visuales comunes en los posts #DeixaElaTrabalhar y #LasPeriodistasParamos. Este estudio hace un análisis exhaustivo de cómo las mujeres periodistas construyen su identidad en las imágenes de Instagram en relación con los temas de los que hablan y los elementos que utilizan para insertarse en los colectivos de mujeres periodistas y lo conecta con las teorías sobre el feminismo y el activismo en las redes sociales. Los resultados aquí expuestos arrojan nueva luz sobre cómo las periodistas toman el control de su situación y encuentran que el empoderamiento, el feminismo, la protesta no violenta y la vida profesional/privada son puntos comunes en la construcción de la identidad en relación con estos grupos online.

https://doi.org/10.24137/raeic.8.16.9
PDF
EPUB
MOBI

Citas

Allan, S. (2019) Women and war photography. En/gendering alternative histories. In Carter, S., Steiner, L., & Allan, S. Journalism, Gender and Power (p. 312-330). London: Routledge.

Antunovic, D. (2019). “We wouldn’t say it to their faces”: online harassment, women sports journalists, and feminism. Feminist Media Studies, 19(3), 428–442. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2018.1446454

Barker-Plummer, B., & Barker-Plummer, D. (2017). Twitter as a Feminist Resource: #YesAllWomen, Digital Platforms, and Discursive Social Change. In Earl, J. & Rohlinger, D.A. (Ed.) Social Movements and Media (Studies in Media and Communications, Vol. 16) (pp. 91-118). Bingley: Emerald Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2050-206020170000014010

Barthes, R. (1982). Lo obvio y lo obtuso. Imágenes, gestos, voces. Barcelona: Paidós Comunicación.

Barthes, R. (1968). Elements of semiology. New York: Hill and Wang.

Bennett, W. L., & Segerberg, A. (2012). The logic of connective action. Information, Communication & Society, 15(5), 739–768. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2012

Bernal-Triviño, A., & Sanz-Martos, S. (2020). Las Periodistas Paramos in Spain: Professional, feminist Internet activism. European Journal of Communication, 35(4), 325–338. https://doi.org/10.1177/0267323120903687

Bohnsack, R. (2008). The Interpretation of Pictures and the Documentary Method. FQS Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 9(3), 296-321. https://doi.org/10.17169/fqs-9.3.1171

Bouzida, F. (2014). The semiology analysis in media studies: Roland Barthes Approach. In Proceedings of SOCIOINT14-International Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities (pp. 1001-1007).

Boyd, D., & Heer, J. (2006) Profiles as Conversation: Networked Identity Performance on Friendster. Proceedings of the 39th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS'06). http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/HICSS.2006.394

Carter, C. (2019) Be cute, play with dolls, and stick to tea parties. In Carter, S., Steiner, L., & Allan, S.(Ed.), Journalism, Gender and Power (pp. 236-250). London: Routledge.

Clark, R. (2014). NotBuyingIt: Hashtag Feminists Expand the Commercial Media Conversation. Feminist Media Studies, 14(6), 1108–1110. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2014.975473

Clark, R. (2016). "Hope in a hashtag": the discursive activism of #WhyIStayed. Feminist Media Studies, 16(5), 788–804. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2016.1138235

Cole, K. K. (2015). “It’s like she’s eager to be verbally abused”: Twitter, trolls, and (en)gendering disciplinary rhetoric. Feminist Media Studies, 15(2), 356–358.

De Vuyst, S. (2020). From bytes to backlash. Hacking Gender and Technology in Journalism. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429262029

Dixon, K. (2014). Feminist Online Identity: Analyzing the Presence of Hashtag Feminism. Journal of Arts and Humanities (JAH), 3(7), 34-40. https://doi.org/10.18533/journal.v3i7.509

Duffy, B. E., & Pruchniewska, U. (2017). Gender and self-enterprise in the social media age: a digital double bind. Information, Communication and Society, 20(6), 843–859. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2017.1291703

Eagle, R. B. (2015). Loitering, Lingering, Hashtagging: Women Reclaiming Public Space Via #BoardtheBus, #StopStreetHarassment, and the #EverydaySexism Project. Feminist Media Studies, 15(2), 350–353. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2015.1008748

Fairclough, N. (2003). Analysing discourse: Textual analysis for social research. London: Psychology Press.

Fairclough, N. (1995a). Critical Discourse Analysis. London: Longman.

Fairclough, N. (1995b). Media Discourse. London: Arnold.

Fernández, E. G., Castro-Martinez, A., & Valcarcel, A. S. (2019). Medios sociales y feminismo en la construcción de capital social: La red estatal de comunicadoras en España. Anàlisi, 61, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.5565/rev/analisi.3247

Fiske, J .(1990). Introduction to Communication Studies (2nd ed). New York: Routledge.

Franks, S., & Howells, L. (2019) Seeking women’s expertise in the UK broadcast news media. In Carter, S., Steiner, L., & Allan, S. Journalism, Gender and Power (pp. 49-61). London: Routledge

Freire, P. (2007). Education for Critical Consciousness. London: Continuum Publishing Company.

Ganzer, M. (2014). In Bed With the Trolls. Feminist Media Studies, 14(6), 1098–1100. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2014.975441

García-Mingo, E. (2019). Women Journalists’ Careers in Spain: The Case of War Correspondents. Comparative Sociology, 18(3), 302–326. https://doi.org/10.1163/15691330-12341498

Geertsema-Sligh, M. (2018). Gender Issues in News Coverage. The International Encyclopedia of Journalism Studies (pp. 1–8). Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118841570.iejs0162

Gibbs, M., Meese, J., Arnold, M., Nansen, B., & Carter, M. (2015). #Funeral and Instagram: death, social media, and platform vernacular. Information, Communication & Society, 18(3), 255–268. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2014.987152

Gill, R. (2003). From Sexual Objectification to Sexual Subjectification: The Resexualisation of Women’s Bodies in the Media. Feminist Media Studies, 3(1), 100–106. https://doi.org/10.1080/1468077032000080158

Gillespie, T. (2010). The politics of ‘platforms.’ New Media & Society, 12(3), 347–364. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444809342738

Gillespie, T. (2018a). Regulation of and by platforms. In: Burgess, J.; Marwick, A. & Poell, T. The SAGE handbook of social media (pp. 254-278). London: SAGE Publications Ltd. https://www.doi.org/10.4135/9781473984066.n15

Gillespie, T. (2018b). Custodians of the Internet: Platforms, Content Moderation, and the Hidden Decisions That Shape Social Media. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Hall, S. (2000). Cultural Identity and Cinematic Representation. In. Stam, R. & Miller, T. (ed.), Film and Theory: An Anthology. Oxford: Blackwell.

Hanitzsch, T., & Hanusch, F. (2012). Does gender determine journalists’ professional views? A reassessment based on cross-national evidence. European Journal of Communication, 27(3), 257–277. https://doi.org/10.1177/0267323112454804

Hopke, J. E. (2015). Hashtagging Politics: Transnational Anti-Fracking Movement Twitter Practices. Social Media + Society, 1(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305115605521

Kim, J. (2017). #iamafeminist as the "mother tag": feminist identification and activism against misogyny on Twitter in South Korea. Feminist Media Studies, 17(5), 804–820. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2017.1283343

Khoja-Moolji, S. (2015). Becoming an "Intimate Publics": Exploring the Affective Intensities of Hashtag Feminism. Feminist Media Studies, 15(2), 347–350. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2015.1008747

Laestadius, L. (2017). Instagram. In Sloan, L., & Quan-Haase, A. (Ed.), The SAGE Handbook of Social Media Research Methods (pp. 573–592). London: SAGE.

Langman, L., & Morris, D. (2003). Internet mediation: a theory of alternative globalization movements. Department of Sociology, Loyola University of Chicago, USA.

Martinec, R., & Salway, A. (2005). A system for image–text relations in new (and old) media. Visual Communication, 4(3), 337–371. https://doi.org/10.1177/1470357205055928

Matos, C. (2017). New Brazilian feminisms and online networks: Cyberfeminism, protest and the female ‘Arab Spring.’ International Sociology, 32(3), 417–434. https://doi.org/10.1177/0268580917694971

McRobbie, A. (2004). Post-feminism and popular culture. In Feminist Media Studies, 4(3), 255–264. https://doi.org/10.1080/1468077042000309937

Melki, J., & Mallat, S. (2019) When Arab women (and men) speak. In Carter, S., Steiner, L., & Allan, S. (ed.), Journalism, Gender and Power (pp. 33-48). London: Routledge.

Mourão, R. R. (2015). The boys on the timeline: Political journalists’ use of Twitter for building interpretive communities. Journalism, 16(8), 1107–1123. https://doi.org/10.1177/1464884914552268

Pearce, W., Özkula, S. M., Greene, A. K., Teeling, L., Bansard, J. S., Omena, J. J., & Rabello, E. T. (2020). Visual cross-platform analysis: digital methods to research social media images. Information, Communication & Society, 23(2), 161–180. https://doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2018.1486871

Orlandini, M. (2019). Ativismo de sofá ou participação política? Os processos de politização do ativismo por hashtag. Mediação, 22(29), 135–151.

Ramires, L. (2020). Mulheres jornalistas esportivas e mercado de trabalho: quem (não) as deixa trabalhar? Revista Katálysis, 23(3), 501–509. https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-02592020v23n3p501

Rappaport, J. (1987). Terms of empowerment/exemplars of prevention: Toward a theory for community psychology. American journal of community psychology, 15(2), 121–148. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00919275

Rappaport, J. (1995). Empowerment meets narrative: Listening to stories and creating settings. American journal of community psychology, 23(5). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02506992

Reporters Without Borders (2020). Sexism’s toll on journalism. Retrieved from https://rsf.org/sites/default/files/sexisms_toll_on_journalism.pdf

Ross, K., & Padovani, C. (2019). Getting to the top. Women and decisión-making in European news industries. In Carter, S., Steiner, L., & Allan, S. Journalism, Gender and Power (pp. 3-17). London: Routledge.

Rodino-Colocino, M. (2014). #YesAllWomen: Intersectional Mobilization Against Sexual Assault is Radical (Again). Feminist Media Studies, 14(6), 1113–1115. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2014.975475

Ruoho, I., & Torkkola, S. (2018). Journalism and Gender. Toward a Multidimensional Approach. Nordicom Review, 39(1), 67-79. https://doi.org/10.2478/nor-2018-0002

Shaw, A. (2016). Gendered Representations in Hawai‘i’s Anti-Gmo Activism. Feminist Review, 114(1), 48–71. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41305-016-0019-6

Shor, E., van de Rijt, A., Miltsov, A., Kulkarni, V., & Skiena, S. (2015). A Paper Ceiling: Explaining the Persistent Underrepresentation of Women in Printed News. American Sociological Review, 80(5), 960–984. https://doi.org/10.1177/0003122415596999

Sarikakis, K., & Nguyen, E. T. (2009). The trouble with gender: media policy and gender mainstreaming in the European Union. Journal of European Integration, 31(2), 201–216. https://doi.org/10.1080/07036330802642771

Steiner, L. (2019). Gender, sex, and newsroom culture. In Wahl-Jorgensen, K, & Hanitzsch, T. (ed.), The Handbook of Journalism Studies (pp. 452–468). London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315167497-29

Stöckl, H., Caple, H., & Pflaeging, J. (2020). Shifts toward Image-Centricity in Contemporary Multimodal Practices. In Stöckl, H., Caple, H., & Pflaeging, J. (ed.), Shifts toward Image-Centricity in Contemporary Multimodal Practices (pp. 1–16). London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429487965-1

Thrift, S. C. (2014). #YesAllWomen as Feminist Meme Event. Feminist Media Studies, 14(6), 1090–1092. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680777.2014.975421

Valcarcel, A. S., Fernández, E. G., & Castro-Martinez, A. (2019). The collective cyber-activist action of “Las periodistas paramos” for the feminist strike of 8M in Spain. Comunicación y Sociedad, e7287. https://doi.org/10.32870/CYS.V2019I0.7287

Van Dijck, J. (2013). The Culture of Connectivity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199970773.001.0001

Van-Dijk, T.A. (2017). Análisis Crítico del Discurso. Revista Austral de Ciencias Sociales, 30, 203–222. https://doi.org/10.4206/rev.austral.cienc.soc.2016.n30-10

Yang, G. (2016). Narrative Agency in Hashtag Activism: The Case of #BlackLivesMatter. Media and Communication, 4(4), 13–17. https://doi.org/10.17645/mac.v4i4.692

Walsh-Childers, K., Chance, J., & Herzog, K. (1996). Sexual Harassment of Women Journalists. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 73(3), 559–581. https://doi.org/10.1177/107769909607300305

Wetzstein, I. (2017). The Visual Discourse of Protest Movements on Twitter: The Case of Hong Kong 2014. Media and Communication, 5(4), 26–36. http://dx.doi.org/10.17645/mac.v5i4.1020

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.